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dc.contributor.authorSanchez González, á.es_ES
dc.description.abstractLignin is the most abundant natural polymer composed by aromatic moieties. Its chemical composition and its abundance have focused efforts to unlock its potential as a source of aromatic compounds for many years. The lack of a proper way for lignin de-polymerization has hampered its success as a natural solution for commodity aromatic chemicals, which is also due to the lack of understanding of the underlying mechanisms of lignin polymerization. A fuller fundamental understanding of polymerization mechanisms could lead to improvements in de-polymerization strategies, and therefore a proper methodology and a predictive theoretical framework are required for such purpose. This work presents a complete computational study on some of the key steps of lignin polymerization mechanisms. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been performed to evaluate the most appropriate methodology and to compute the chemical structures and reaction enthalpies for the monolignol dimerization, the simplest key step that controls the polymerization. Quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) has been applied to understand the coupling reaction mechanisms, for which the radical species and transition states (TSs) involved have been characterized. The coupling that leads to the formation of the ?�O�4 linkage has been theoretically reproduced according to proposed mechanisms, for which weak interactions have been found to play a key role in the arrangement of reactants. The hydrogen bond formed between the oxygen of the phenoxy radical, and the alcohol of the aliphatic chain, together with the interaction between aromatic rings, locates the reactants in a position that favors such ?�O�4 linkage. [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.es_ES
dc.subjectDensity functional theoryes_ES
dc.subjectLignin polymerizationes_ES
dc.titleThe role of weak interactions in lignin polymerizationes_ES
dc.publisherJournal of Molecular Modelinges_ES
Appears in Collections:Artículos de revistas Científicas

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